Favorite Quotes

"Once you walk into a courtroom, you've already lost. The best way to win is to avoid it at all costs, because the justice system is anything but" Sydney Carton, Attorney. "There is no one in the criminal justice system who believes that system works well. Or if they are, they are for courts that are an embarrassment to the ideals of justice. The law of real people doesn't work" Lawrence Lessig, Harvard Law Professor.



Thursday, October 2, 2014

ComputerCop is actually spying on users

 
ComputerCOP has found its way into homes across the country through law enforcement giveaways. Sheriffs, police chiefs, district attorneys, and other officials have purchased the software in bulk and distributed it to the public as part of their outreach initiatives.
 
At least 245 police agencies in 35 states had purchased and distributed ComputerCOP; at least four agencies had spent $25,000 on the software within the past two years.
 
ComputerCOP is actually just spyware, generally bought in bulk from a New York company that appears to do nothing but market this software to local government agencies.
 
The way ComputerCOP works is neither safe nor secure. It isn’t particularly effective either, except for generating positive PR for the law enforcement agencies distributing it. As security software goes, we observed a product with a keystroke-capturing function, also called a “keylogger,” that could place a family’s personal information at extreme risk by transmitting what a user types over the Internet to third-party servers without encryption. That means many versions of ComputerCOP leave children (and their parents, guests, friends, and anyone using the affected computer) exposed to the same predators, identity thieves, and bullies that police claim the software protects against.
 
By providing a free keylogging program—especially one that operates without even the most basic security safeguards—law enforcement agencies are passing around what amounts to a spying tool that could easily be abused by people who want to snoop on spouses, roommates, or co-workers.
 
ComputerCOP may actually may make your family's data less safe.
 
EFF discovered misleading marketing material, including a letter of endorsement purportedly from the U.S. Department of Treasury, which has now issued a fraud alert over the document. ComputerCOP further claims an apparently nonexistent endorsement by the American Civil Liberties Union and an expired endorsement from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children
 
The list is based primarily on a map that appears on ComputerCOP's own website, which EFF attempted to verify one-by-one through news articles, press releases and other online public records. EFF also added a few that we found that weren't on the map.
 
Not all versions of ComputerCOP contain the keylogger, but noted when they were able to verify that the software contained that feature.
 
In many cases, ComputerCOP listed agencies on its map that EFF was unable to independently verify through online records searches.
 
Here's an example of what's happening in Massachusetts:
 
Brockton Police Department - Between 2003 and 2007, Brockton police handed out free copies of ComputerCOP at "Internet Safety Nights" at local schools. Source. Source.
 
Foxborough Police Department - In 2004, Foxborough police gave out free copies of ComputerCOP to parents. Source.
 
Suffolk County District Attorney's Office - Since 2010, Suffolk County D.A. Daniel Conley has offered free copies of ComputerCOP, with keylogger, as part of the office's Internet safety initiatives. Source. Source. Source. Source.
 
Weymouth Police Department - In 2007, a Weymouth police officer handed out free copies of ComputerCOP to everyone in attendance at a Catholic elementary school's Parent Teacher Organization meeting. Source.
 
Further agencies listed on ComputerCOP's map: Essex County District Attorney's Office, Peabody Police Department.
 
Click here to learn how to remove ComputerCop
 
Reality: ComputerCop is dangerous to you & your family if you use it!

Wednesday, October 1, 2014

DHS's national police facial recognition program

 
DHS/Governor's Crime Commission is giving police grants to expand their facial recognition program nationally.
 
The use of facial recognition software continues to grow in the public safety realm as law enforcement agencies deploy the technology for “one-to-one” identification purposes. That means using the technology to try to identify an individual from a mug shot-type of photo or a still from a video.
 
The faces of more than 120 million people are in searchable photo databases that state officials assembled to prevent driver’s-license fraud but that increasingly are used by police to identify suspects, accomplices and even innocent bystanders in a wide range of criminal investigations.
 
“Where is government going to go with that years from now?” said Louisiana state Rep. Brett Geymann, a conservative Republican who has fought the creation of such systems there. “Here your driver’s license essentially becomes a national ID card.”
 
“The first thing that’s very concerning is why hasn’t there been more public discussion about the use of this technology,” said Mike Meno, a spokesman for the American Civil Liberties Union of North Carolina. “There needs to be really strong policies and regulations to make sure the technology does not invade a person’s privacy rights.”
 
In January, the police department submitted a grant proposal to the (DHS) Governor’s Crime Commission to purchase the software and was awarded $43,650. On Tuesday, the Raleigh City Council gave the department the green light to begin using the software. The council passed the measure unanimously, without discussion.
 
Facial recognition technology is growing. The Washington Post reported 37 states were using it in their driver’s license registries and at least 26 allow state, local or federal law enforcement agencies to use it to search – or request searches – of photo databases in an attempt to learn the identities of people who may be relevant to criminal investigations.
 
Spokeswoman Laura Hourigan was not sure whether a photographic match made using the software would be admissible as evidence in court. She said during the test period, the software will be used by the detectives as an investigative tool that will give them “more information.”
 
“The detectives will still do follow-up work and follow leads,” she said. “The software is a stepping stone.”
 
Hourigan said the software will use three facial recognition programs. However, the city is still in “a contractual process” and the names of the software manufacturers were not available.
 
The announcement of Raleigh’s program coincides with the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s own facial recognition system, the Next Generation Identification program, which the agency indicated this week is fully operational. The FBI’s system will collect 52 million photos by the end of 2015, with 4.3 million of the images obtained for noncriminal reasons, such as employer background checks, according to the Electronic Frontiers Foundation, an international digital rights group in San Francisco.

The Raleigh, N.C., Police Department is one of the latest to announce it will deploy the technology, in this case, as a one-year test according to the Raleigh News and Observer.
 
The FBI is preparing to accelerate the collection of DNA profiles for the government's massive new biometric identification database.

Developers of portable DNA analysis machines have been invited to a Nov. 13 presentation to learn about the bureau's vision for incorporating their technology into the FBI's new database.

So-called rapid DNA systems can draw up a profile in about 90 minutes.
 
Rapid DNA analysis can be performed by cops in less than two hours, rather than by technicians at a scientific lab over several days. The benefit for law enforcement is that an officer can run a cheek swab on the spot or while an arrestee is in temporary custody. If there is a database match, they can then move to lock up the suspect immediately.
 
There's a huge backlog of untested DNA waiting for CODIS-qualified lab analysis. Offloading some of the work to private labs or portable devices sounds like a great way ease that congestion, but it actually could create more problems. If the government believes that only its chosen labs are capable of producing solid analysis, fixes like those suggested by three California Congressional reps would ask law enforcement (including the FBI) to decide which evidence goes the Gold Standard labs and what gets passed along to the lesser, unproven venues.

Without an across-the-board certification of all methods (with rigid testing and re-testing to ensure quality) as being equal, there's a good chance collected DNA will be treated just as prejudicially as the suspects themselves. And, if the expansion of CODIS inputs isn't handled with rigorous oversight, the chances of the guilty going free and the innocent being imprisoned increases.

At what point will Americans stand up and say ENOUGH IS ENOUGH? DHS, NSA the FBI, local police are all working together to create a national biometric database on every American.
 
Below, are links to DHS's Governor's Crime Commission

The National Governors Association Center:

A Governor's Guide To Homeland Security:

Tuesday, September 30, 2014

Police want residents to install police-run surveillance cameras in their homes


Project Nola's slogan: "Be Informed. Get Involved." In other words Police WILL be spying on your homes & Big Brother wants YOU to pay for letting them spy in your HOME!
 
Police in Louisiana are urging residents to add surveillance camera security systems to their homes and then to hand over control of those systems to law enforcement, an effort they claim will help make neighborhoods safer.

Surveillance camera footage is being used more and more by law enforcement agencies to help solve crimes. Now, officials in St. Bernard Parish hope residents there will take part in a new program, that will hopefully yield the same results.     
 
The St. Bernard Sheriff's Office wants people like Delosryes and others to reconsider. Sheriff Jimmy Pohlmann says, "I think the more cameras out there, the more successful the program will be."
 
A $10 monthly fee is required for residents interested in granting police access to their existing home camera systems, but those who don’t yet have cameras can purchase entire kits from the officer’s business for $295. For another $150, you can also get those cameras professionally installed.
 
Started by former New Orleans police officer Bryan Lagarde, who now owns a digital surveillance wholesale company, Project NOLA is reportedly “the largest networked HD city-wide crime camera system in America,” according to their website, and currently has access to more than 1,000 cameras around New Orleans.
 
Pohlmann says as opposed to detectives going door to door to find surveillance footage after a crime has occurred, it'll be a huge advantage to have footage at his detectives fingertips immediately. "All you have to do is, you can go to a map and click on an icon for that camera in that area and pull up that camera and it'll give us a live feed from that area," explained Pohlmann.
 
“This is great for NOPD,” writes Jules Bentley for AntiGravity Magazine, “firstly because they don’t have to pay for any of this—the costs are borne by the home or business owner and the increasingly grant-funded Project NOLA nonprofit—and secondly because private cameras can do things the government’s not allowed to.” Like shirk pesky privacy or constitutional issues.
 
A network consultant also told Bentley that increasing the number of surveillance devices could compromise NOLA’s intended mission.
 
“With increasing transmission and storage of data come increasing risks to the security and soundness of the data and the network on which it travels… The larger and more complex a storage and transmission service is, the more points of vulnerability are multiplied—as well as the cost and personnel needs,” the consultant said.
 
When asked if people’s home cameras could also be vulnerable to hacking, the consultant told Bentley, “That’s not a subject I’m comfortable getting specific about… Let’s just say any system is only as smart as its administrators. I’d say the intended functionality, Lagarde surrounded by monitors like Batman in The Dark Knight, is already weird enough.”
 
There’s also the fact that footage shot by homeowners’ cameras would be subject to Lagarde’s discretion. “Legally binding assurances of due process, security, and accountability: Project NOLA has none of these in place,” writes Bentley. “All the data from all the Project NOLA cameras and all decisions about who sees what rest entirely in the hands of Lagarde.”
 
One resident told WAFB he sees how the cameras could help police “keep law and order,” but he also raised concerns over the Big Brother-style intrusion and questioned whether police could possibly misuse their new powers.
 
“I’m all for it if it’s all for the good, but things do get abused,” said Mereaux resident Christian Delosryes.
 
Sheriff Pohlmann pledged, however, that police would never look at footage unless they needed to.
“We’re not gonna sit there and monitor it unless something happens in that area or we have reports of suspicious activity going on in that area,” Pohlmann said.
 
A surveillance camera system in the hands of a former police officer who operates with minimal accountability and who reports directly to law enforcement agencies should give New Orleans and St. Bernard Parish residents cause for concern.

This is the latest expansion for ProjectNola. Right now, more than one thousand locations across New Orleans have cameras tied in to the system and even areas on the west bank like Westwego have cameras monitored by the group. Pohlmann has high hopes for the program in St. Bernard and strongly urges residents to sign up, and help his deputies keep the parish safe.
 
Residents who are interested can purchase their own surveillance cameras and have them installed before tying in to the ProjectNola system or they can buy cameras from ProjectNola directly.

Monday, September 29, 2014

'Homeland' a Nazi term adopted by DHS

 
Here are some disturbing parallels between Nazi Germany & 'The Homeland', formerly known as the United States of America:
 
In 2002 the Bush administration created the name "Department of Homeland Security" and Whitehouse spokespeople referred to the United States as "The Homeland" 
 
By 1930 Nazi propagandists referred to Germany as "Die Heimat" or "The Homeland"
 
But, as Chris Matthews pointed out on his MSNBC show recently, there's something strange and creepy about the term.
 
Matthews said that, "It's a term used by the neocons, they love it. It suggests something strange to me. Like who else are we defending except America? Why don't you just say 'America'? Why doesn't Obama say we defended against attacks against this country? As if we're facing some existential Armageddon threat from these people. Do you buy the phrase 'Homeland'? I never heard it growing up, never heard it in my adulthood. It's a new word. Why are we using it? Is there some other place we're defending? What are we talking about when we say 'Homeland'? What's it about?"
 
Josh Marshall over at Talking Points Memo pointed out, the term 'Homeland', "really does have a deep blood and soil tinge to it which is distinctly Germanic, more than a touch un-American, and a little creepy."
 
That "blood and soil" that Marshall is referring to was one of the really big slogans of Hitler's Nazi Germany. "Blood and soil - we Germans are the products of this earth, we are a race unique from all others."
 
Ironically, Hitler stole the term "Homeland" from the 1920s and 1930s Zionist movement's goal to create a Jewish "Homeland" in the Middle East, Hitler wanted to create a "racial" identity for the German people that was tied to German soil.
 
He wanted to create an identity that went beyond language and culture. He wanted to invent a "German race," and have Germany be that race's "Homeland," all so he could sell to the German people their own racial superiority and use that to justify exterminating others.
 
So, in 1934, at the Nazi party's big coming-out event, the famous Nuremberg rally, Nazis introduced the term "Homeland."
 
Prior to that, they'd always referred to Germany as "the Fatherland" or "the Motherland" or "our nation."
 
The Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA) was the main division of the Nazi SS, and the parent organization of the Gestapo. The German word “Reich” is untranslatable, but you couldn’t come closer in contemporary English than the term “Homeland.” “Sicherheit” is always translated as “security,” and “Hauptamt” literally means “main office,” which could be reasonably translated as “department.”
 
But Hitler and his think-tank wanted Germans to think of themselves with what he and Goebbels viewed as the semi-tribal passion that the Zionists had for Israel.
 
So, in that most famous 1934 Nazi rally's opening speech, Rudolph Hess, Hitler's deputy Fuhrer, said that, "Thanks to Hitler's leadership, Germany will become the homeland. Homeland for all Germans in the world."
 
Of course, that's the translated version. "Homeland" in German is "heimat."
 
"Heimat" was used throughout the reign of Hitler and throughout World War II.
 
Nazi's loved the word, and attached it to everything they could, like the "Nazi Homeland Defense Forces," or the Heimwehr.
 
But, immediately after Nazi Germany was defeated and World War II came to a close, the word all but disappeared from German vernacular.
 
Post-war Germans were ashamed to use a word that stood for such terrible things.
 
Fast-forward nearly 70 years, and while Germans still won't say it, the word "homeland" is everywhere in the United States. Bush and Cheney rolled it out in a big way after 9/11, and our media managed to completely ignore the dark history of the word.
 
But it's a history that carries with it a danger - the danger that we may begin to think of ourselves as an "exceptional" people, a "race apart" because of our national identification. That we may start to think of the United States as a 'Homeland'.
 
It's time to retire this artifact of the Nazi era.

Friday, September 26, 2014

DHS & police are building a massive biometric database on everyone

 
CA - Without notice to the public, Los Angeles County law enforcement officials are preparing to widen what personal information they collect from people they encounter in the field and in jail – by building a massive database of iris scans, fingerprints, mug shots, palm prints and, potentially, voice recordings.
 
The new database of personal information – dubbed a multimodal biometric identification system – would augment the county's existing database of fingerprint records and create the largest law enforcement repository outside of the FBI of so-called next-generation biometric identification, according to county sheriff’s department documents.
 
On Sept. 15, the FBI announced that the Next Generation Identification System was fully operational. Now that the central infrastructure is in place, the next phase is for local jurisdictions across the country to update their own information-gathering systems to the FBI's standards.
 
When the system is up and running in L.A., any law enforcement official working in the county, including the Los Angeles Police Department, would collect biometric information on people who are booked into county jails or by using mobile devices in the field.
 
This would occur even when people are stopped for lesser offenses or pulled over for minor traffic violations, according to documents obtained by The Center for Investigative Reporting through a public records request.
 
In 2008, President George W. Bush required the Defense, Homeland Security and Justice departments to establish common standards for collecting and sharing biometric information like iris scans and photos optimized for facial recognition. Law enforcement agencies have been testing mobile systems for documenting biometric information, including a facial recognition program uncovered in San Diego County last fall.
 
Officials with the sheriff’s department, which operates the countywide system, said the biometric information would be retained indefinitely – regardless of whether the person in question is convicted of the crime for which he or she was arrested.
 
FBI pissed, because Apple & Google aren't allowing police to access their new phones without a warrant:
 
FBI Director James B. Comey sharply criticized Apple and Google on Thursday for developing forms of smartphone encryption so secure that law enforcement officials cannot easily gain access to information stored on the devices — even when they have valid search warrants.
 
His comments were the most forceful yet from a top government official but echo a chorus of denunciation from law enforcement officials nationwide. Police have said that the ability to search photos, messages and Web histories on smartphones is essential to solving a range of serious crimes, including murder, child pornography and attempted terrorist attacks.
 
“There will come a day when it will matter a great deal to the lives of people . . . that we will be able to gain access” to such devices, Comey told reporters in a briefing. “I want to have that conversation [with companies responsible] before that day comes.”
 
Comey added that FBI officials already have made initial contact with the two companies, which announced their new smartphone encryption initiatives last week. He said he could not understand why companies would “market something expressly to allow people to place themselves beyond the law.”
 
The real question is why would any company allow DHS/police, the NSA, FBI, CIA access to our private communications without a warrant?
 
“The outrage is directed at warrantless mass surveillance, and this is a very different context. It’s searching a device with a warrant,” said Orin Kerr, a former Justice Department computer crimes lawyer who is now a professor at George Washington University.

Thursday, September 25, 2014

Why the fight against nude body scanners matters, TSA claims its rules can't be challenged after 30 days

 
Congress new law: TSA can create new policies that can't be challenged after 30 days, ever!
 
 
"A matter of days after the TSA announced that its nude body scanners would be deployed as primary screening across the nation, I filed the first court challenge of the constitutionality of requiring Americans to walk through devices that visualize their nude body as a condition of flying. Since November 16th, 2010, I have vigorously and consistently maintained this objection to our government’s foolish behavior, as my case was bounced from court to court while we argued over which court should actually hear the case: the TSA argued that it should be in a court that had no discovery, witness stand, or even real trial (the U.S. Court of Appeals), while I argued that the constitution requires that my grievance be heard in a court that can offer meaningful review (such as the U.S. District Courts). It’s no surprise that by mid-2012, the lower courts decided that the court without discovery, witnesses, and trials should hear the case, due process be damned, and the U.S. Supreme Court declined to take up the issue.
 
With that matter settled, I continued my case in the court that they told me to file in, but now the TSA had a new objection to my case: that it’s too late now. You see, Congress wrote a law that says “orders” of the TSA must be challenged within 30 days, and the government interpreted this to mean that: 1) even if they keep doing the objectionable behavior (i.e. scanning and groping) daily, after they’ve done it for 30 days, it can never be challenged by anyone, and 2) the 30 days shouldn’t be from when I started my case, but from when I proceeded in the court that they preferred. I asked the court to refuse to adopt this absurd proposition and allow me an opportunity to gather and examine facts before the court.
 
In a 2-1 vote, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit ruled last Friday that the government’s “30 days, forever immunized” theory is exactly right: the government, without violating your Constitutional right to redress, can create a law that says “once we do it for 30 days, it’s permanent, and we can keep doing it for the rest of eternity and you can’t take us to court!” They also went further and ruled that “even if Corbett had timely filed his petition,” the TSA’s nude body scanners and checkpoint molestations are constitutional — before they ever gave me a chance to ask the TSA for documents or meaningfully question their asserted facts.
 
In her dissent, U.S. Circuit Judge Beverly B. Martin blasts the majority for issuing the “unnecessary holding” that the TSA’s actions were constitutional, stating that there was no reason for the court to go there at this point since the majority decided it was too late to hear. She continues that “Mr. Corbett’s pursuit appears to me to have been methodical and diligent” and that she disagrees with the court’s decision to “penalize” me for the switch of courts in 2012."
 
As if that isn't bad enough, states are implementing nude body scanners in jails.
 
This is the disturbing future of police state Amerika. it begins with the TSA/DHS forcing Americans to give up our rights in the name of safety, then it creeps into jails & courts and before you can blink an eye its in sporting venues, public transportation and finally retail stores.
 
Salt Lake City jail scanners will eliminate most strip searches:
 
The SecurPASS scanners produce a detailed image of lungs, bones and body cavities — but not facial features or private parts. The image also shows narcotics, weapons, sharp objects and other contraband inside clothing or body cavities.
 
Under legal standards, people being booked into jail cannot be subjected to a strip search unless there is a reasonable suspicion that they have contraband, Winder said. About 10 percent of the 120 people processed a day are strip searched.
 
Now everyone being booked, as well as the several hundred inmates being taken to and from the jail each day to court hearings or other appointments, will be scanned, a process that takes eight seconds. Strip searches will be very rare and used only with pregnant women and people with pacemakers who need to be checked for contraband, Winder said.
 
“Eight seconds will not add significant time at all to our processing,” the sheriff said, adding that the new process will be less intrusive to the inmates.
 
The two machines cost just under $300,000 and were bought with money from the jail’s inmate services fund, which contains the profits from prisoner purchases at the commissary.
 
Winder said his office has worked with state agencies to ensure the system meets all health regulations. One chest X-ray is the equivalent to 400 SecurPASS scans, and under federal regulations, an individual can have 4,000 of the scans in one year, according to Virtual Imaging Inc., the system’s manufacturer. The Florida-based company is a division of Canon U.S.A.
 
Is it any surprise that Canon a notorious TERROR/ HOMELAND profiteer is behind body scanners? It appears their company motto is civil rights be damned, we're profiting handsomely.
 
Canon makes license plate readers,  red-light cameras and biometric cameras, to name a few.
 
In Ohio a jail is not using its SecurPass scanner:
 
The  SecurPass machine – which cost $243,000 – is no longer being used because the Ohio Department of Health’s rules don’t permit it.
 
Sheriff Jim Neil called the rules antiquated; the state says it must approve it before it can be used because the machine uses radiation, which can be dangerous after repeated exposure.
 
“This is a safety and security issue for our employees, for the inmates, for everyone,” Neil said. “I’m going to use every resource available to ensure we know what is coming into our jail.”
 
He cited company data showing the equipment is not dangerous because it uses less radiation than an X-ray.
 
Department of Health spokeswoman Tessie Pollock said the state agency is willing to look at updating rules, but it still must regulate any machine that uses radiation.
 
Police are already using portable x-ray scanners to spy on your car:
 
 
 
Click here & here to read more about the Z-Backscatter vans.
 

Wednesday, September 24, 2014

The Rand Corporation & DHS's national police recruitment program

 
The Homeland Security and Defense Center conducts analysis to prepare and protect communities and critical infrastructure from natural disasters and terrorism. Center projects examine a wide range of risk management problems including coastal and border security, emergency preparedness and response, defense support to civil authorities, transportation security, domestic intelligence programs, technology acquisition, and related topics.
 
Center clients include the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Department of Defense, the Department of Justice (DOJ), and other organizations charged with security and disaster preparedness, response and recovery.
 
Rand also recruits police officers nationwide:
 
The RAND Police Recruitment and Retention Clearinghouse. The RAND Center on Quality Policing, is a web-based resource that serves as a "one-stop-shop" for information about recruitment and retention specifically designed for the law enforcement community. Its purpose is to promote evidence-based personnel planning by making information on police staffing readily available for police decisionmakers in an easy to use, searchable form.
 
This project utilizes an interactive map to model the number of police and other "security workers" that are expected in each block group in the United States based on that area's characteristics. Police departments may be able to use this data to focus their employee recruiting activities where they will be most effective.
 
A quick look at Rand's recruitment page reveals close ties to COPS.
 
Rand has a searchable state database to recruit police and security.
 
Select a location from the list below. The map will appear first, followed by a color-coded layer a few seconds later. Clicking on the map will display each block group's actual number of security workers, the predicted number, and the population. Drag the map or zoom in to find a specific location.
 
Here's a few of Rand's/DHS's recruitment articles:
 
 
Each year DHS and RAND select a senior DHS analyst to work and study for up to a year at the RAND Corporation. The DHS Fellowship is co-sponsored by RAND Justice, Infrastructure, and Environment (JIE) and the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD).
 
DHS participates in this program to 1) develop up-and-coming leaders with the strategic analysis and planning skills needed to meet the challenges of a complex organization, 2) help achieve the Department's broad mission set by studying with nationally-known RAND researchers on critical homeland defense issues, 3) form effective partnerships outside of the Department and provide RAND continuous exposure to DHS operations, and 4) support the innovations needed to better manage finite DHS resources.
 
Contact Henry Willis, Director of the RAND Homeland Security Program, to learn more about the DHS Fellowship.
 
DHS's Office of Program Analysis and Evaluation (PA&E) coordinates the annual nomination and selection process, which starts in the spring allowing for a fall start-date. Contact the government lead, Alinda Coats, Office of the Chief Financial Officer, U.S. Department of Homeland Security, (202-447-0511), for more detailed information on this process.
Sources:
 
For more info. on Rand's close ties with DHS read the following articles: